• Vedas

Vedas are considered to be the oldest scriptures of Hindu religion. These are written in Sanskrit. Veda means knowledge and thus Vedas include the most holy hymns and mantras. These hymns and mantras put together into four collections called Rig, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva Vedas. It is very difficult to find out the exact time when these Vedas were written as these are considered to be orally passed on before they were written down.

Among the Vedas Rig Veda is considered the oldest one. The hymns of this Veda are supposed to be the most important ones. In Rig Veda, more than a thousand of hymns are organized and written in ten circles, among which the tenth one is said to be most recent one. These are considered as the oldest and the one of the best knowledge that we have. The hymns written in Rig Veda are dedicated to various deities. Some of the hymns also explain some phenomenon, concepts, some historical events mainly the struggle between the early Vedic people.

Sama Veda contains the hymns and many of these hymns are taken from Rig Veda. Sama Veda has melodies or music for the hymns written in Rig Veda. These music and melodies were meant for the priests who performed certain ceremonies. Sama Veda is also known as the Veda of Holy Songs.

Yajur Veda mainly aims at awakening the inner consciousness. This one was the main Veda used by the priests of the ancient India and it resembles the Egyptian book of the dead. This Veda also gives respect to various instruments used in sacrifice.

Atharva Veda is the fourth Veda. This one as the other ones contain many hymns from Rig Veda but also contain many magic spells. Atharva Veda is therefore not always accepted as Veda. The language used in Atharva Veda is simpler. The two main concepts mentioned in Atharva Veda are medicine and witchcraft. Atharva Veda is completely different from the other three Vedas.

The four Vedas thus play an outstanding role in the Indian Hindu mythology as these are considered as the holy texts. These texts are used for performing the religious rituals of the Hindu religion. The Vedas are also said to be the best books of knowledge that exists in today's world. The above-mentioned points just give a vague idea about the content given in the Vedas. Vedas are thus the main source of knowledge.

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