• Outdated Dams : A Threat to Human Life

Dams are now a threat to the world. Dams are built by promising the inhabitants that it will never affect their life. Do you think these many dams are really needed? Outdated dams are a threat to human life. These dams have to be removed to restore rivers and to protect life.

1975 August, China foresaw the greatest man made disaster that would happen in their country. At the beginning of August, there occurred a typhoon because of the change in the weather pattern. When the hot, humid air of the typhoon met the cold air of the North, series of storms and rain occurred. The first one was on August 5, followed by the second one on August 6th and the third one on August 7th. The dam was designed to store 300mm of water per day. During these days within 24 hours itself more than one year's rain was poured. Banqiao and Shimantan dams were filled by August 8th and were in the urge to burst. On August 8th 12:30 am, Shimantan dam collapsed followed by the collapse of Banqiao dam by 1am on the same day. Totally 62 dams broke, affecting the life of eleven million people. Even the evacuation orders failed to reach many people because of the problem in communication caused by flood. People who survived in this flood were trapped without food. Contaminated water affected the health of several people. These dams were built by foreseeing the flood that may occur, but even then, the natural calamity was of that high level that even these dams failed to hold the water that had poured down from the sky. To prevent more disasters they even destroyed several small dams so that the water would flow to the areas with less population.

These dams, which collapsed mainly, affected the local population. According to the records nearly 26,000 people died because of flood and nearly 145,000 people died because of famine and epidemics. Nearly 5,960,000 buildings collapsed and 11 million residents were affected. Many were injured. This made the whole China a cemetery.

World once witnessed the harmful effects that dams caused. China was the victim in 1975, but now the whole world is a victim. By knowing the fact that dams are a threat to the inhabitants and even the flora and fauna of that area, why are repeatedly efforts taken to construct more and more dams? Is it because human life has no value? These questions are to be answered by those who run behind the construction of dams.

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